While it is not our policy to care for sick children, who should be at home until they are well enough to return to the setting, we will agree to administer medication as part of maintaining their health and well-being or when they are recovering from an illness. We ensure that where medicines are necessary to maintain health of the child, they are given correctly and in accordance with legal requirements.
In many cases, it is possible for children’s GPs to prescribe medicine that can be taken at home in the morning and evening. As far as possible, administering medicines will only be done where it would be detrimental to the child’s health if not given in the setting. If a child has not had a medication before, especially a baby/child under two, it is advised that the parent keeps the child at home for the first 48 hours to ensure there are no adverse effects, as well as to give time for the medication to take effect.
Our staff are responsible for the correct administration of medication to children for whom they are the key person. This includes ensuring that parent consent forms have been completed, that medicines are stored correctly and that records are kept according to procedures. In the absence of the key person, the nursery supervisor manager is responsible for the overseeing of administering medication.
- Children taking prescribed medication must be well enough to attend the setting.
- We only usually administer medication when it has been prescribed for a child by a doctor (or other medically qualified person). It must be in-date and prescribed for the current condition.
- Children’s prescribed medicines are stored in their original containers, are clearly labelled and are inaccessible to the children. On receiving the medication, the nursery supervisor checks that it is in date and prescribed specifically for the current condition.
- Parents must give prior written permission for the administration of medication. The nursery supervisor receiving the medication will ask the parent to sign a consent form stating the following information. No medication may be given without these details being provided:
- the full name of child and date of birth;
- the name of medication and strength;
- who prescribed it;
- the dosage and times to be given in the setting;
- the method of administration;
- how the medication should be stored and its expiry date;
- any possible side effects that may be expected; and
- the signature of the parent, their printed name and the date.
- The administration of medicine is recorded accurately in our medication record book each time it is given and is signed by the person administering the medication and a witness. Parents are shown the record at the end of the day and asked to sign the record book to acknowledge the administration of the medicine. The medication record book records the:
- name of the child;
- name and strength of the medication;
- name of the doctor that prescribed it;
- date and time of the dose;
- dose given and method;
- signature of the person administering the medication [and a witness]; and
- parents’ signature.
- We use the Pre-school Learning Alliance Medication Administration Record book for recording the administration of medicine and comply with the detailed procedures set out in that publication.
- If the administration of prescribed medication requires medical knowledge, we will obtain individual training by a health professional.
- No child may self-administer. Where children are capable of understanding when they need medication, for example with asthma, they should be encouraged to tell their key person what they need. However, this does not replace staff vigilance in knowing and responding when a child requires medication.
- We monitor the medication record book to look at the frequency of medication given in the setting. For example, a high incidence of antibiotics being prescribed for a number of children at similar times may indicate a need for better infection control.
- We will only administer medicines such as ‘Calpol’ if a child develops a high temperature during the course a nursery session, particularly with younger children where there may be a risk of febrile convulsions. If a child becomes unwell during the session, the manager will contact the parent/carers to collect their child – at this time parent/carer’s consent verbal/email/text will be sought before any such medicine is given. The parent will sign the administration of medicine book when they collect their child.
We do not administer medicines such as ‘Calpol’, unless prescribed by a doctor, under any other circumstances.
Storage of medicines
- All medication is stored safely in a locked cupboard or refrigerated as required. Where the cupboard or refrigerator is not used solely for storing medicines, they are kept in a marked plastic box.
- The nursery supervisor is responsible for ensuring medicine is handed back at the end of the day to the parent.
- For some conditions, medication may be kept in the setting to be administered on a regular or as-and-when- required basis. The nursery supervisor is to check that any medication held in the setting, is in date and return any out-of-date medication back to the parent.
Medicines prescribed for temporary medical conditions are kept in the Office in a plastic storage tub, or fridge in the kitchen, if they need to be kept cool. ALL medicines should be clearly named.
Medication kept in the setting, for those children who have a pre existing known condition (such as Periton/inhalers) will be clearly named and stored in a plastic container in the office.
The Supervisor should inform ALL staff of the need for a child to take medicine. However, it will be the Supervisor who is responsible for ensuring that prescribed medicine is stored correctly, administered as per instruction and that the medication record book is completed and signed by the parent at the end of the session.
Children who have long term medical conditions and who may require ongoing medication
- We carry out a risk assessment for each child with a long term medical condition that requires on-going medication. This is the responsibility of our Nursery Supervisor alongside the key person. Other medical or social care personnel may need to be involved in the risk assessment.
- Parents will also contribute to a risk assessment. They should be shown around the setting, understand the routines and activities and point out anything which they think may be a risk factor for their child.
- For some medical conditions, key staff will need to have training in a basic understanding of the condition, as well as how the medication is to be administered correctly. The training needs for staff form part of the risk assessment.
- The risk assessment includes vigorous activities and any other activity that may give cause for concern regarding an individual child’s health needs.
- The risk assessment includes arrangements for taking medicines on outings and advice is sought from the child’s GP if necessary where there are concerns.
- An individual health plan for the child is drawn up with the parent; outlining the key person’s role and what information must be shared with other adults who care for the child.
- The individual health plan should include the measures to be taken in an emergency.
- We review the individual health plan every six months, or more frequently if necessary. This includes reviewing the medication, e.g. changes to the medication or the dosage, any side effects noted etc.
- Parents receive a copy of the individual health plan and each contributor, including the parent, signs it.
Managing medicines on trips and outings
- If children are going on outings, the key person for the child will accompany the children with a risk assessment, or another member of staff who is fully informed about the child’s needs and/or medication.
- Medication for a child is taken in a sealed plastic box clearly labelled with the child’s name and the name of the medication. Inside the box is a copy of the consent form and a card to record when it has been given, including all the details that need to be recorded in the medication record as stated above.
- On returning to the setting the card is stapled to the medicine record book and the parent signs it.
- If a child on medication has to be taken to hospital, the child’s medication is taken in a sealed plastic box clearly labelled with the child’s name and the name of the medication. Inside the box is a copy of the consent form signed by the parent.
- This procedure should be read alongside the outings procedure.
- The Human Medicines Regulations (2012)
Other useful Pre-school Learning Alliance Publications
- Medication Record (2013)
Daily Register and Outings Record (2012)
This Policy was adopted at a meeting of: Reepham Nursery School
Held in: October 2018
Date to be reviewed: October 2019
Signed on behalf of the management committee: Rachael Jones – Chairperson.